Bergen is a city and municipality on the Bergen Peninsula in Hordaland county on the west coast of Norway. The city was established before 1070 AD and is today the administrative centre of Hordaland. As of 2014 the municipal population of Bergen was 278,700 making it, after Oslo, the second-most populous city in Norway. The Greater Bergen Region has a population of 413,700. The area covered by the municipality is 465 square kilometres (180 sq mi), and it consists of eight boroughs.
Bergen is an international centre for aquaculture, shipping, the offshore petroleum industry and subsea technology. The modern port is the busiest in Norway. The remains of Bergen’s historic ports are a recognized World Heritage Site. Bergen is also a national centre for higher education, tourism and finance.